Pneumonia is an infection in one or both the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. It is an inflammatory condition generating infection in the lungs causing the air sacs in your lungs to be filled with fluid or pus also referred to as “alveoli”, making it really hard for you to breathe in enough oxygen to reach your bloodstream.
- Chest pain when you breathe or cough
- Changes or confusion in mental awareness
- Cough, which may produce phlegm
- Fever, sweating
- Lower than normal body temperature
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea
- Shortness of breath
Pneumonia is commonly/usually caused by infection with bacteria or viruses and very fewer times by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Risk factors consists of/includes cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, and a weak immune system.
Examination/diagnosis is most commonly based upon the symptoms and physical examination. Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may aid in examining the finding out the disease properly. The disease may be categorized/classified by where it was acquired with community, hospital, or health care associated pneumonia.
Vaccines to protect/prevent certain kind of pneumonia are accessible/available. Other methods of prevention includes/comprises of washing hands and no smoking. Treatment varies on the underlying cause. Pneumonia which most commonly originates from bacteria is usually treated with antibiotics. If the condition is severe, the affected person is usually/generally hospitalized. If oxygen levels are low, oxygen therapy is also given.
Dr. Satya takes extensive care of his patients while discussing the illness, treating them. He believes that the first step should be of making them comfortable, rather them bombarding them with suggestions, medications, and treatment procedures. This is why he’s among the best pulmonologists currently operating in Delhi, Narayana Super-Speciality Hospital & Gurugram.
A pulmonologist like him will first do a physical medical exam asking about your medical and sleep history. As per his analysis and outcome, he might suggest you several activities that might prove beneficial for eradication the problem from your life. This can be followed by special tests as well.