Pleural biopsy is basically a process to remove a sample of the pleura. A thin tissue that lines the chest cavity and surrounds the lungs. It is basically done to check the infection or pleura for disase.
When the fluid-filled space that surrounds the lungs piles up surplus fluid in the pleural cavity is termed to be as pleural effusion. With the limiting expansion of the lungs, the breathing gets impaired because of this excessive fluid.
Types of Pleural effusion:
- Hydrothorax (serous fluid)
- Hemothorax (Blood)
- Urinothorax (Urine)
- Chylothorax (Chyle)
- Pyothorax (pus)
By pathophysiology pleural effusion are mainly categorized into two categories namely, exudative and transudative. The most usual/common causes of transudative pleural effusion are heart failure and cirrhosis. Various other conditions connected with transudative pleural effusions comprises of severe hypoalbuminemia, nephrotic syndrome, myxedema, obstructive uropathy, end-stage kidney diseases. The most usual/common causes of exudative pleural effusions are bacterial pneumonia, cancer (with lung cancer, breast cancer, and lymphoma causing approximately 75% of all malignant pleural effusions), viral infection, and pulmonary embolism.
A pleural effusion is generally/usually diagnosed on the basis of medical history and physical exam, and confirmed by a chest X-ray. Once accumulated fluid increases more then300 ml, there are generally/usually detectable clinical symptoms/signs, such as decreasing movement of the chest on the harmed/affected side, denseness/dullness to percussion over the fluid, the breath sounds also starts getting diminished on the affected side.
Treatment varies/depends upon the underlying cause of the pleural effusion.
Dr. Satya takes extensive care of his patients while discussing the illness, treating them. He believes that the first step should be of making them comfortable, rather them bombarding them with suggestions, medications, and treatment procedures. This is why he’s among the best pulmonologists currently operating in South Delhi & Gurugram.
A pulmonologist like him will first do a physical medical exam asking about your medical and sleep history. As per his analysis and outcome, he might suggest you several activities that might prove beneficial for eradication the problem from your life. This can be followed by special tests as well.