HIV stands for the ‘Human Immunodeficiency Virus’ that damages the immune system of a human body. As we all know, our immune system is responsible for the body to fight off infections. Emphasizing the effect of HIV on a human body, Dr. Satya Ranjan Sahu, a renowned and professional pulmonologist in South Delhi & Gurugram explains that the untreated HIV directly attacks, infects, and kills CD4 cells which are a type of immune cell. They are usually called T cells. Over time, HIV kills more CD4 cells, turning a human body more targetable for infections and cancers.
How is HIV Transmitted?
Debunking the myths associated with HIV, Dr. Satya highlights various modes through which the disease can be transmitted.
The modes include:
- Breast milk
- Vaginal & rectal fluids
- Through vaginal or oral sex
- By sharing needles and tattoo equipment
Being one of the best chest specialists in town, Dr. Satya states that the virus doesn’t spread via water, air, or through casual contact. For now, HIV is globally known as a lifelong condition having no cure to date. Without treatment, a human with HIV is assumed to develop AIDS which is a serious and life-threatening condition.
HIV and AIDS: What’s the Relativity?
A contracted HIV is required in a person to develop AIDS over the phase of time. Offering one of the best HIV treatments in Delhi, Dr. Satya pinpoints that having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that the person will end up developing AIDS.
According to his expertise, Dr. Satya segregates HIV progress through three stages:
- Acute stage
- Chronic stage
Tests Used to Diagnose HIV:
Post analyzing your medical situation, a skilled and professional pulmonologist like Dr. Satya can prescribe several tests, equipped enough to diagnose HIV.
Some of the tests you might be asked to perform are:
- Antigen tests
- Antibody tests
- OraQuick HIV test
- Nucleic acid test
Symptoms of HIV:
According to Dr. Satya, one of the best pulmonologist in Delhi, some of the early symptoms of HIV can include:
- Aches and pains
- Skin rash
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Sore throat
- Upset stomach