Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, most commonly referred to as (COPD) is actually one if the obstructive lung diseases distinguished by breathing problems that had been there from a pretty long time and when the airflow is to be seen poor.
- Shortness of breath
- Cough with sputum production
- When clearing your throat is the first thing you tend to do in the morning
- Chest tightness
- Lack of energy
- Weight loss
- Swelling of feet, ankles, or legs
COPD is a contagious and progressive disease which get worsen with time. Eventually difficulties are to be seen in various usual activities like walking or getting dressed.
Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the most common conditions which are seen mainly in people. When a productive cough that stays there for at least three months each year for two years is usually referred to as “chronic bronchitis”. Those people who face such cough issues are at a greater risk of developing COPD. And the abnormal presence of air or other gas within tissues is referred to as “emphysema”
The most common cause of COPD is tobacco smoking, and a few factors like air pollution and genetics relatively plays a smaller role in that. With this developing world the poorly vented heating and cooking fires are becoming one of the most common sources of air pollution.
An inflammatory response in the lungs can also be caused due to a long exposure to these irritants, which as a result narrows the small airways and causes a breakdown of the lung tissues also. The diagnosis depends upon poor airflow which can be measured by some lung function tests. On the contrary, a reduction in the airflow do not improves much with the use of a bronchodilator.
In most of the cases COPD can be prevented by making sure that there is a very less exposure to such risk factors which comprises of deducing rates of smoking and also improving/making the outdoor and indoor air quality better. As sill there is no cure, the treatment can only control the pace of the situations getting worse. Many treatments include in COPD are respiratory inhabilitation, smoking cessation, vaccinations, and often steroids and inhaled bronchodilators. Also lung transplantation or long-term oxygen therapy sometimes do benefit people too Increased use of medications and hospitalization may be required in a few cases of those who have period of acute worsening.
As one of the best pulmonologist of New Delhi, Narayana Super-Speciality Hospital, Dr. Satya Ranjan Sahu claims the diagnosis of lung related problems to be specifically based on patient’s clinical history along with specific tests and physical examination. A professional like him first listens and analyzes the cause of the issue before suggesting any medication or treatment. This is where a good pulmonologist like him studies the symptoms present in the patient, measuring the need for effective procedure.